Treatment of Neurocognitive Disorders Essay Paper

QUESTION:

Explain the diagnostic criteria for your assigned neurocognitive disorder. ( MY ASSIGNED NEUROCOGNITIVE DISORDER IS VASCULAR NEUROCOGNITIVE DISORDER )
Explain the evidenced-based psychotherapy and psychopharmacologic treatment for your assigned neurocognitive disorder.
Identify the risks of different types of therapy and explain how the benefits of the therapy that might be achieved might outweigh the risks.
Support your rationale with references to the Learning Resources or other academic resource Treatment of Neurocognitive Disorders Essay Paper.

PLEASE NOTE THAT THE QUESTION ASKED TO EXPLAINED DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA FOR ASSIGNED NEUROCOGNETIVE DISORDER AND I PUT IN PERENTESES THAT MY ASSINGED DISORDER IS ( VASCULAR NEUROCOGNITIVE DISORDER, PSYCHOTHERAPY AND PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGGIC TREATMENT. ( IT IS MISSING CRITERIA FOR VASCULAR NEURO COGNITIVE DISORDER)

Discussion: Treatment of Neurocognitive Disorders

Neurocognitive disorders (NCD) such as delirium, dementia, and amnestic disorders are more prevalent in older adults. As the population ages and as life expectancy in the United States continues to increase, the incidence of these disorders will continue to increase. Cognitive functioning such as memory, language, orientation, judgment, and problem solving are affected in clients with NCDs. Caring for someone with a neurocognitive disorder is not only challenging for the clinician, but also stressful for the family. The PMHNP needs to consider not only the client but also the “family as client.” Collaboration with primary care providers and specialty providers is essential. Anticipatory guidance also becomes extremely important.

In this Discussion, you will integrate several sources of knowledge specific to NCDs as you discuss evidenced-based therapies used to treat these disorders.

Learning Objectives
Students will:
Analyze diagnostic criteria for neurocognitive disorders
Analyze evidence-based psychotherapy and psychopharmacologic treatment for neurocognitive disorders
Evaluate benefits and risks of neurocognitive therapies
Compare differential diagnostic features of neurocognitive disorders
To prepare for this Discussion:

By Day 5 of Week 7, your Instructor will have assigned you a neurocognitive disorder, which will be the focus for your initial post for this Discussion..

NOTE:

( MY ASSIGNED NEUROCOGNITIVE DISORDER IS VASCULAR NEUROCOGNITIVE DISORDER ) Treatment of Neurocognitive Disorders Essay Paper

QUESTION:

Explain the diagnostic criteria for your assigned neurocognitive disorder. ( MY ASSIGNED NEUROCOGNITIVE DISORDER IS VASCULAR NEUROCOGNITIVE DISORDER )
Explain the evidenced-based psychotherapy and psychopharmacologic treatment for your assigned neurocognitive disorder.
Identify the risks of different types of therapy and explain how the benefits of the therapy that might be achieved might outweigh the risks.
Support your rationale with references to the Learning Resources or other academic resource.
Iaboni & Rapoport (2017) define neurocognitive disorders refer to a state where mental function is decreased to due to an underlying disease as compared to a psychiatric illness and the most common type is Alzheimer’s disease. Neurocognitive disorders pose huge social, financial and physical burdens to individual patients, families and friends. In most patients, neurocognitive disorders increase severity of independence and activities of daily life. Treatment modalities include both pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches which ensure that mental and health status are maintained (Piersol, et al., 2017). Despite the fact that drugs prescribed are highly dependent on the duration and severity of symptoms, it also depends on the symptoms that a client presents with.

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Generally, the most prescribed pharmacological drugs include: antipsychotics, antidepressants, mood stabilizers, beta blockers, benzodiazepines and NMDA receptor antagonists. For instance, pharmacological drugs such as exelon, aricept and razadyne are prescribed to boost the neurotransmitter levels (Nathan & Gorman, 2015). Memantine is prescribed to regulate the activity levels of glutamate which is a neurotransmitter that boosts learning and memory.

With reference to non-pharmacological agents, occupational therapy is the most preferred approach to management. It lays emphasis on teaching patients some of the strategies that are highly effective in minimizing the effect of brain impairment on daily life. Therefore, rather than focusing on disabilities, occupational therapy tends to focus on abilities of an individual ( Nathan & Gorman, 2015). The most commonly used is CBT which has proven to be highly effective in teaching clients some of the strategies that are essential for the management of the effects caused by impairment with the respective diminished capacity. As suggested by Jensen & Padilla (2017), environmental modification to eliminate barriers and clusters that are likely to cause falls or impair physical functioning is also applied in clinical and home settings. As noted by Werner & Coveñas (2015), the decisions regarding treatment lie solely on the hands of either the designated decision maker of a patient or the patient and require maximum collaboration with other medical providers Treatment of Neurocognitive Disorders Essay Paper.

References

Iaboni, A., & Rapoport, M. J. (2017). Detecting and Managing Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in Dementia: What Psychiatrists Need to Know and Why.

Jensen, L., & Padilla, R. (2017). Effectiveness of environment-based interventions that address behavior, perception, and falls in people with Alzheimer’s disease and related major neurocognitive disorders: a systematic review. American journal of occupational therapy, 71(5), 7105180030p1-7105180030p10.

Nathan, P. E., & Gorman, J. M. (Eds.). (2015). A guide to treatments that work. Oxford University Press.

Piersol, C. V., Canton, K., Connor, S. E., Giller, I., Lipman, S., & Sager, S. (2017). Effectiveness of interventions for caregivers of people with Alzheimer’s disease and related major neurocognitive disorders: A systematic review. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 71(5), 7105180020p1-7105180020p10.

Werner, F. M., & Coveñas, R. (2015). New developments in the management of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: potential use of cariprazine. Therapeutics and clinical risk management, 11, 1657 Treatment of Neurocognitive Disorders Essay Paper.

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