Strategies to Reduce Stress During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Rationale for Project

Nurses comprise the hugest percentage of the healthcare workforce in an epidemic, and they carry out many of the responsibilities regarding infectious disease containment. They are considered the backbone of healthcare and usually must cope with profound burnout levels (Ross, 2020). The COVID-19 pandemic has intensified the nurse burnout situation, with most nurses reporting high levels of physical and emotional fatigue ((Shanafelt et al ., 2020
). The prolonged exposure of nurses to stress related to the pandemic crisis has a possibility of causing insidious long‐term health effects such as an increased risk of physical and mental disorders, impaired cognitive function, and reduced productivity and absenteeism at work (Ross, 2020). According to Callus et al. (2020), higher levels of distress were reported by healthcare workers during the SARS pandemic, such as burnout, psychological stress, post-traumatic stress, hostility, and somatization. Nurse Burnout: Strategies to Reduce Stress During the Covid 19 Pandemic

Nurses have endured compassion fatigue when handling traumatic events and patients affected by the COVID-19. Therefore, they must be provided with adequate support programs to meet their emotional needs and well-being (Fessell & Cherniss, 2020). Stress‐management interventions for nurses may be a useful approach in reducing burnout caused by emotional fatigue. According to a study in China by Que et al. (2020), insidious psychological problems were observed among health providers during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study found that the prevalence of anxiety, depression, insomnia, and the widespread psychological problems among health providers during the COVID-19 pandemic was 46.04, 44.37, 28.75, and 56.59%, respectively.

According to Chen et al. (2020), strategies such as staff training on the psychological aspect of patient care and relaxation techniques can help reduce stress.  Furthermore, positive mental health can reduce work-related stress and burnout and should be fostered among healthcare workers in COVID-19 ((Shanafelt et al ., 2020). Strategies suggested for decreasing the workload include mindfulness and promoting self-care. Mindfulness training is commended for nurses because it can foster self-care and well-being (Fessell & Cherniss, 2020). Besides, mindfulness programs are praised since they improve resilience to stress, quality of professional life, and self-compassion.


Project Objectives

  1. Conduct a literature search to identify strategies or interventions that have been useful in reducing stress and emotional burnout during a pandemic.
  2. A psychological support program will be formulated based on the literature search strategies to facilitate psychological well-being and self-care among nurses.
  3. Working as frontline healthcare workers in the COVID-19 pandemic, Nurses will be enrolled in the psychological support program and educated on strategies to reduce stress and psychological burnout when caring for patients.
  4. The Behaviorist Learning Theory will be applied using the systematic desensitization technique to teach nurses relaxation techniques to reduce fear and anxiety.
  5. A self-assessment tool a pretest/posttest will be administered to evaluate the psychological support program’s impact in enhancing nurses’ knowledge and attitude on stress reduction strategies during the pandemic. Nurse Burnout: Strategies to Reduce Stress During the Covid 19 Pandemic


Section I

  • Background and problem identification
  • Purpose of the project
  • Significance of the project to nursing practice
  • Discussion of the conceptual model


Section II

  • Method used for literature search
  • Literature Review


Section III

  • Project’s implication for nursing practice, future research, and education.
  • Design the psychological support program.


Section IV

:

  • Abstract
  • Final document

STUDENT: ____LaQuinta Legania_________________________DATE: __02/05/2021

(Electronic signature acceptable)

FACULTY: _________________________________________________ DATE: _____________


References

Callus, E., Bassola, B., Fiolo, V., Bertoldo, E. G., Pagliuca, S., & Lusignani, M. (2020). Stress Reduction Techniques for Health Care Providers Dealing with Severe Coronavirus Infections (SARS, MERS, and COVID-19): A Rapid Review.

Frontiers in psychology

,

11

, 3325. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.589698

Fessell, D., & Cherniss, C. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and beyond: micro-practices for burnout prevention and emotional wellness.

Journal of the American college of radiology

,

17

(6), 746-748. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacr.2020.03.013

Que, J., Le Shi, J. D., Liu, J., Zhang, L., Wu, S., Gong, Y., … & Lu, L. (2020). Psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on healthcare workers: a cross-sectional study in China.

General psychiatry

,

33

(3). https://doi.org/110.1136/gpsych-2020-100259

Shanafelt, T., Ripp, J., and Trockel, M. (2020). Understanding and addressing sources of anxiety among health care professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic.

JAMA

323, 2133–2134.

https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.5893

Ross, J. (2020). The Exacerbation of Burnout During COVID-19: A Major Concern for Nurse Safety.

Journal of Peri-Anesthesia Nursing

,

35

(4), 439-440. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jopan.2020.04.001


These are EXAMPLES of the types of projects and elements you might choose for your Scholarly Project. Negotiate with your faculty to determine specific content.


***


You are Completing Sections II, III, IV! Please follow the instructions in the Teaching Module for each section listed above!



Section

Research/Pilot

Project
(IRB required)

Teaching Module

Grant

Application

Case Study /

Case Report
(IRB required)

Historical

Project
(IRB possibly required)

Change In Practice or Quality Improvement Project
(IRB possibly required)

FOR ALL PROJECTS:  Contract includes project title, type of project, rationale for project, relevance, and objectives. Nurse Burnout: Strategies to Reduce Stress During the Covid 19 Pandemic

(one objective must relate to a selected theoretical or conceptual framework)

FOR ALL PROJECTS: a review of the literature is conducted, the search strategy and rationale for literature selected is addressed, a matrix/chart of articles (optional); and synthesis of findings and significance of findings are addressed.
I
Offer background of topic, problem statement, purpose of project, rationale for project and its relevance to your future role as a master’s prepared nurse.  And any other element you choose to include.


* Identification of         * Selection of                 *Case identification                                                *Change model

audience                      funding source                                                                                                      selected
II
*Research question

*Brief review of

literature (ROL)

*Methodology

*Submit IRB

application to faculty

*Educational

model

identification

with ROL

supporting

choice

*Needs

assessment

significance

*ROL

*ROL

*Methodology

*Submit IRB

application to

faculty

*Search strategy

*Rationale for

literature

selection

*Submit IRB

application to

faculty

*ROL

* ROL

*Methodology

*Submit IRB

application to

faculty

*Identify levels

of evidence
III





*Data collection

*Plan clinical

topic needs

*Identify

educational

strategies

*Proposed budget

*Evaluation plan

*Detailed

presentation of

the case

*Identify

potential

publications and

writing style

requirements

*Synthesis

*Results

*Data collection

*Analysis


Section


Research

Project


Teaching

Module


Grant

Application


Case Study /

Case Report


Historical

Project


Change In Practice or Quality Improvement Project
IV
*Data Analysis

*Summary and

significance

*Limitations and

strengths of the

study

*Implications for

nursing practice,

research, and/or

education

*Production of

module

*Evaluation plan

*Implications for

nursing practice,

research, and/or

education

*Complete and

submit grant

*Discussion

*Conclusions

*Implications for

nursing practice,

research, and/or

education

*Discussion

*Conclusions

*Implications for

nursing practice,

research, and/or

education

*Analysis of

results

*Summary and

significance

*Implications for

nursing practice,

research, and/or

education

*Barriers to

implementation
V
* Abstract and

paper

*


Abstract and

Paper

* Evaluation of the  grant application

process

* Abstract and

paper

* Abstract and

paper

* Abstract and

paper

All Projects

*Poster or other

dissemination

agreed upon

with faculty

*Poster or other

dissemination

agreed upon

with faculty

*Plans for

dissemination

agreed upon

with faculty

*Poster, article

submission or

other

dissemination

agreed upon

with faculty

*Poster or other   dissemination

agreed upon

with faculty

*Poster or other

dissemination

agreed upon

with faculty

Title of Activity:

Identified Gap(s): ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Description of current state:_________________________________________________________________________________________________

Description of desired/achievable state:

Purpose: (write as an outcome statement, e.g. “The purpose of this activity is to enable the learner to…..”



OBJECTIVES

CONTENT

(Topics)

TIME FRAME


PRESENTER


TEACHING METHODS
List learner’s objectives in behavioral termsProvide an outline of the content for each objective. It must be more than a restatement of the objective.State the time frame for each objectiveList the Presenter for each objective.Describe the teaching methods, strategies, materials & resources for each objective


List the evidence-based references used for developing this educational activity:


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