Safe Prescribing Research Assignment

Describe the role of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) as it pertains to the PMHNP.
Explain your responsibilities when having a DEA number.
Explain how you apply for a DEA number.
Explain your state’s requirements for a safe prescribing and prescription monitoring program. Explain your responsibility as a PMHNP to follow these requirements.
Provide an example of a drug you may prescribe from each of the Schedule II-V drug levels Safe Prescribing Research Assignment.
Drug and substance abuse is one of the leading challenges facing the United States of America presently. In fact, the country has one of the highest addiction rates in the world. Eradication of substance use is among the top agendas of many individuals seeking legislative posts. It is evident that continuous engagement in drug abuse leads to deterioration of the overall population health, an aspect that weakens the economy considerably. The main result of drug addiction in the U.S. is the steady rise of a population suffering from mental instabilities. Precisely, a considerable number of crime perpetrators engage in a form of drug and substance indulgence. In the light of these predicaments, the government apportions the Drug Enforcement Administration Unit with enough finance to tackle drug peddlers. Besides, medical practitioners, specifically the Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP) receive substantial help in terms of educative programs on handling drug addicts and alleviating their unstable psychiatric conditions (Blackwell & Neff, 2015). The interventions aim at minimizing or eradicating reliance on harmful drugs, leading to a healthy population Safe Prescribing Research Assignment.

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Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Roles Pertaining PMHNP

The DEA is a leading law enforcer in limiting the distribution of narcotics in the country. Through this approach, cases of psychological disturbances diminish drastically. Evidently, Hildebran et al. (2014) elaborate that the DEA interventions are useful for PMHNP specialists, since they work concurrently to minimize substance abuse. Specifically, the DEA cooperates with other law agencies through sharing intelligence in the quest to curtail distribution of drugs to the population. Based on these aspects, PMHNPs advice on the dangers of indulgence, and provide viable frameworks which addicts and psychotic patients follow to eventually eradicate drug abuse.

Responsibilities for a DEA Number-Holder

PMHNPs collaborate with relevant professionals to minimize drug and substance abuse in the U.S. Particularly, private and institutional-based practitioners are allowed to register for DEA numbers. When entering into a contract with the DEA, they are entitled to examine information which may trigger investigation on possible drug distributing cartels (Hildebran et al., 2014). Regularly, addicts prefer purchasing pharmaceutical drugs for deceitful purposes. Mostly, they end up abusing the medicine, exposing themselves to detrimental health effects. In the light of this issue, DEA registrants ought to ensure lawful prescription of drugs, especially those that are more likely to be abused.

Procedure when Applying for a DEA Number

A DEA number allows a practitioner to precisely prescribe drugs and ensure the public consumes controlled substances legally. Specifically, the DEA identification number entails numerical content and a specific letter which identify the exact profession for instance a dentist, and nurse practitioner. Davis, Carr, Southwell and Beletskyn (2015) state that for a nurse to obtain a DEA number, it is necessary to be registered at the state of operation. One can then make an online application, with the first section requiring revelation of personal information and physical contacts. The second part entails reporting on drug schedule information. An applicant should reveal the area of specialization and the medication to prescribe (Tierney et al., 2015). Additionally, the third part requires revealing information about licensure, followed by the fourth section where applicants provide detailed information about controlled substances. The last two sections entail payment of commitment fee. For instance a nurse practitioner pays $731 for three years. Finally, applicants review the entries made and submit their applications for approval.

Maryland’s Requirement for Safe Prescription

The Maryland Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (M-PDMP) was formulated in 2011. The program aims at offering dependable information to .professionals in the public health and law enforcement agencies pertaining prescription and dispensation of controlled drugs. According to Kolodny et al. (2015), all licensed pharmacists and practitioners in Maryland are expected to register with the PDMP, through the Chesapeake Regional Information System for our Patients (“CRISP”). Upon fulfillment of all requirements, the practitioners are entitled to scrutinize a patient’s PDMP information before prescription of drugs like benzodiazepine. Additionally, they are entitled to identify and investigate unlawful drug prescription within their areas of operation.

Prescribed Drugs from Schedule II-V drug levels

The Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) oversees the use of drugs in the U.S. and released a drug classification schedule under the Controlled Substance Act (CSA) (Shepherd, 2014). Specifically, Schedule Two entails drugs with a higher potential for abuse for instance oxycodone (Percocet and OxyContin). Schedule Three entails drugs which may lead to moderate psychological dependence if abused. They include merchandises with not more than 90 milligrams of codeine per dosage. Schedule four includes diazepam (Valium) while Schedule Five drugs include ezogabine Safe Prescribing Research Assignment.

Conclusion

Drug and substance abuse is common in the United States, with majority of the employed population falling victim of its effects. In fact, continuous dependence of drugs leads to psychological predicaments amongst the Americans. However, the DEA in conjunction with PMHNPs help stabilize the population. Practitioners can apply for a DEA number and help the agency investigate on drug-related issues.

References

Blackwell, C. W., & Neff, D. F. (2015). Certification and education as determinants of nurse practitioner scope of practice: An investigation of the rules and regulations defining NP scope of practice in the United States. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, 27(10), 552-557. https://doi.org/10.1002/2327-6924.12261

Davis, C. S., Carr, D., Southwell, J. K., & Beletsky, L. (2015). Engaging law enforcement in overdose reversal initiatives: authorization and liability for naloxone administration. American journal of public health, 105(8), 1530-1537. https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/abs/10.2105/AJPH.2015.302638

Hildebran, C., Cohen, D. J., Irvine, J. M., Foley, C., O’kane, N., Beran, T., & Deyo, R. A. (2014). How clinicians use prescription drug monitoring programs: a qualitative inquiry. Pain medicine, 15(7), 1179-1186. https://doi.org/10.1111/pme.12469

Kolodny, A., Courtwright, D. T., Hwang, C. S., Kreiner, P., Eadie, J. L., Clark, T. W., & Alexander, G. C. (2015). The prescription opioid and heroin crisis: a public health approach to an epidemic of addiction. Annual review of public health, 36, 559-574. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031914-122957

Shepherd, J. (2014). Combating the prescription painkiller epidemic: a national prescription drug reporting program. American journal of law & medicine, 40(1), 85-112. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/009885881404000103

Tierney, M., Finnell, D. S., Naegle, M. A., LaBelle, C., & Gordon, A. J. (2015). Advanced Practice Nurses: Increasing Access to Opioid Treatment by Expanding the Pool of Qualified Buprenorphine Prescribers. https://doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2015.1101733 Safe Prescribing Research Assignment.

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