Patient Interview Style Assignment

Attach the interview format document you would use for an initial interview of a client.

Table 1. Initial interview format (adapted from Morrison, n.d.)

  1. Getting started: welcome the patient and direction on where to sit along with brief open-ended questions on reasons for the interview. Use good transitions by exhibiting concerns about the patient’s feelings. Patient Interview Style Assignment
  2. Encourage free speech that lets the client talk about himself/herself using leading questions.
  3. Develop rapport that includes demeanor and talking with compassion.
  4. Set boundaries that describe the patient-doctor relationship even as a friendly collaboration is maintained while avoiding personal questions.
  5. Use non-directive techniques to urge additional speech without dictating its content.
  6. Offer reassurance by increasing the patient’s sense of wellbeing and confidence.
  7. Gather a database of relevant information to include history of present ailment, symptoms presents, onset and sequence of the symptoms, presence of stressors, consequences of the ailment, previous episodes of the ailment, and presence of unique behaviors and drug abuse.
  8. Collect facts about the current ailment to include the context in which it occurs, its duration, frequency, severity, and type. Should use easy to understand language, positively framed questions, non-leading statements, single questions, encourage precision, and use brief statements. Clear confusions with confrontation. Patient Interview Style Assignment
  9. Collect personal and social history to include childhood, adolescence and adult life.
  10. Collect medical history to include family history.
  11. Conduct a mental examination relying on observation to check for general behavior and appearance, effect and mood, rhythm and rate of speech, and flow of thought.
  12. Conduct a mental exam relying on cognitive aspects to include thought content, cognition and consciousness, judgment and insight.
  13. End the interview with instructions on what comes next to include a treatment plan and instructions for the next visit.
    Describe what interview format your preceptor uses for the initial interview of a client.

The interview format used by my preceptor first began with an introduction the established the interview’s purpose. This included warmly greeting the patients and using words that demonstrated concern, attention and care. While conducting the interview, my preceptor did not take any notes or write any information. In fact, my preceptor maintained ongoing eye contact. In addition, the patient was instructed to offer addictions, corrections, interactions and ask questions during the course of the interview. The timeframe of the interview was also announced at the beginning and strictly adhered to at by the end of the interview. An important element in the interview was an acknowledgment that some of the questions would be highly personal or even offensive, but the patient was under no obligation to answer the questions (Wheeler, 2014).

Describe which element of your interview format is most helpful in your practice.

The initial introduction was very useful since it established the purpose of the interview while helping in creating an alliance in which both the interview and interviewee understand that the principal objective is to achieve good health for the patient. It also helped in creating a rapport with the patient thereby indicating that the interaction is collaborative thus allowing the patient to be expressive and truthful without reservations. In addition, the introduction is important because of its capacity to set a therapeutic alliance that helps the patient feel safe and hopeful of receiving help to address the existing problem (Sadock, B., Sadock, V. & Ruiz, 2014; Wheeler, 2014). Overall, the initial introduction is very important since it sets the style, quality and tone of the interview to imply that if it goes wrong then the later aspects of the interview would similarly go wrong but if it goes right then the later aspects would similarly go right. Patient Interview Style Assignment


Morrison, J. (n.d.). Interviewing psychiatry patients. Retrieved from

Sadock, B., Sadock, V. & Ruiz, P. (2014). Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry: behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry (11th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Wheeler, K. (Eds.). (2014). Psychotherapy for the advanced practice psychiatric nurse: a how-to guide for evidence-based practice (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.

Patient Interview Style Assignment

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