Explain the group’s processes and stage of formation.
A group’s formation is reliant on its common goals and objectives since they determine the activities the group members will engage in as well as their timetable for achieving them. This implies that before individuals can agree to form a group, they must have common goals that would then be achieved by actively applying structured group activities (Scharff, 2014). In the current case, we are presented with a group that was formed for therapy purposes with the intention of solving their social problems through advice and exchanges in social interaction (Psychotherapy.net, 2011). Looking at the group and its current stage of formation shows that it is in the storming stage of formation. This is evidenced by the fact that the members are loosely interacting with each other but are yet to meet any objective or even complete a single task. At this point, the members are in the acclimatization phase where they are getting familiar with each other, and moving from strangers to acquaintances. Yet another evidence can be seen when Pam and Philip have a conflict that threatens to break up the group. Given that none of the members has invested in relationships within the group, they do not find it difficult to go their separate ways and are only motivated to stay in the group to seek treatment. Moving from stranger to friends in which case the members shall have formed a cohesive will be an indication that the group has moved into the norming stage as the next stage, in which case conflicts will be less common and not as polarizing as has been noted (Wheeler, 2014).Group Processes and Stages of Formation
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Explain curative factors that occurred in the group. Include how these factors might impact client progress.
The moment when the group was first formed marked the beginning of the treatment process. That is because the formation of the group implied that the members recognized that they had a common social problem that would be more effectively solved if they acted in concert. By acknowledging that a problem existing and it would only be solved through the group activities, the group was already on the road to recovery. In essence, curative factors were already present at this stage. Firstly, the members acknowledged that they had a problem that required treatment. Secondly, they acknowledged that the best strategy for solving the existing problem was to apply group therapy that entailed them working in concert to exchange experiences and advice even as a knowledgeable therapist guided them. Thirdly, the group members shared a common problem so that their experience would be similar. This means that any advice that a member offers would also be applicable to other members. Finally, a knowledgeable therapist was present to guide the group interactions, applying psychiatric principles to offer a solution from a professional perspective (Welfel, 2013).
Explain intragroup conflict that occurred and recommend strategies for managing the conflict. Support your recommendations with evidence-based literature.
A conflict occurred within the group whereby Pam and Philip strongly disagreed with each other. In fact, they both expressed the opinion of leaving the group if the conflict was not resolved, refusing to be members of the same group. Pam is of the opinion that Philip will not make any meaningful contribution to the group while Philip feels that Pam is not appreciative of his presence within the group. Based on the opinions expressed by the two, it is clear that either on or both of them will leave the group if their conflict is not resolved. As such, the intragroup conflict placed Pam and Philip on opposite sides (Psychotherapy.net, 2011). The conflict threatens the group if not resolved, but could create more cohesive interactions if resolved. This means that the group should be validated by applying problem-solving skills that get the members to focus on the reasons why the group was formed rather than the conflicts that exist between members. Failing to resolve the existing conflict would act as an indication that the group members cannot focus on the initial objective of the group thus making it an ineffective group (Bitter, 2014). Group Processes and Stages of Formation
Bitter, J. (2014). Theory and practice of family therapy and counseling (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Psychotherapy.net (Producer). (2011). Group therapy: a live demonstration. [Video file]. Mill Valley, CA: Author.
Scharff, J. (2014). Clinical supervision of psychoanalytic psychotherapy. London: Karnac Books Ltd.
Welfel, E. (2013). Ethics in counseling & psychotherapy (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Wheeler, K. (Eds.). (2014). Psychotherapy for the advanced practice psychiatric nurse: A how-to guide for evidence-based practice (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.
Group Processes and Stages of Formation
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