Gender dysphoria in child and adolescent

Explain the psychological issues that may result from your topic.

Gender dysphoria is a condition characterized by the individual psychologically and emotionally identifying as the opposite sex. In this case, the individual discounts the biological gender identity. For that matter, it can be construed as having a gender mis-identity. The persons suffering from the condition can also be considered as transgender (Wheeler, 2014). Gender dysphoria in child and adolescent

Describe the most effective assessment measure that could be used, and explain why you selected this.
The most effective assessment measure for gender dysphoria would entail matching the exhibited symptoms to the criteria presented by DSM-5. The diagnosis criteria would differ for children and adolescents. Among children, the diagnosis would identify symptoms presenting for at least 6 months to include a desire to change physical characteristics for gender, dislike of gender identifiers, rejection of activities typically assigned to the biological gender while expressing a desire for activities assigned to the opposite gender, and preference for company of desired gender while rejecting biological gender. Among adolescents, the diagnosis would identify symptoms presenting for at least 6 months to include a strong conviction that the biologically assigned gender is wrong, and desire for a change in sexual characteristics. Matching the presenting symptoms and their duration with the criteria presented in DSM-5 is an indication of the condition’s occurrence (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

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Explain the treatment options available for children and adolescents involved with your selected disorder.
Treatment options for gender dysphoria are dependent on the patient’s age. Children suffering from the condition would typically require counseling that seeks to make them feel comfortable in the biologically assigned gender. The counseling would help the patient to explore and understand the existing feeling while including input from endocrinologists and pediatricians. The family can also be included in the therapy to provide a supportive environment. Adolescents can also be treated using counseling, although more aggressive approaches are recommended when counseling fails and the patient expresses a strong to be of a different gender. The aggressive approaches include hormone therapy, suppressing puberty, and gender reassignment therapy (Sadock, B., Sadock, V. & Ruiz, 2014).

Explain how culture may influence treatment.
Culture could influence with regards to perceptions about gender. Some cultures consider transgender persons as social deviants who should not be accepted in the society. In such cases, presenting a diagnosis for gender dysphoria could harm the patient rather than helping since it presenting the possibility of the individual being ostracized. In such cases, aggressive treatment approaches (such as surgery to transition to the opposite gender) may not be an option (Cautin & Lilienfeld, 2015). Gender dysphoria in child and adolescent

References

American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Cautin, R. & Lilienfeld, S. (2015). The encyclopedia of clinical psychology, volume II Cli-E. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Sadock, B., Sadock, V. & Ruiz, P. (2014). Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry: behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry (11th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Wheeler, K. (Eds.). (2014). Psychotherapy for the advanced practice psychiatric nurse: A how-to guide for evidence-based practice (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.

Gender dysphoria in child and adolescent

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