Describe the role of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) as it pertains to the PMHNP.
Explain your responsibilities when having a DEA number.
Explain how you apply for a DEA number.
Explain your state’s requirements for a safe prescribing and prescription monitoring program. Explain your responsibility as a PMHNP to follow these requirements.
Provide an example of a drug you may prescribe from each of the Schedule II-V drug levels Drug Enforcement Agency Discussion.
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The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) is body in the United States, which operates under the supervision of the Justice Department. According to the PMHNP, the agency is tasked with investigating and preparing criminals arrested for violating substance use both in the US and internationally for prosecution (Jones et al., 2016). The agency further helps in the enforcement of the laws highlighted in the Controlled Substances Act especially manufacturing and distributing of controlled substances produced legally. Therefore, the agency takes the responsibility of reducing the availability of abuse type of drugs that are in the US market through initiation of programs.
The DEA number is usually assigned to practitioners especially nurses and physicians that are registered under the Nurses and Physician agencies of the United States. Individuals assigned with a DEA number have the sole role of writing prescriptions to patients (Jones et al., 2016). The prescriptions are specifically for patients that are recommended to use drugs that are controlled in the United States. The health care providers usually help in testing the substance content in individuals purported to be using the illegal drugs. The tests and lab reports form the health care providers with DEA numbers help in carrying out investigations in cases of drug abuse (Drug Enforcement Administration, 2017). They also help in the preparation of evidence to prosecute violators of provisions of the Controlled Substances Act Drug Enforcement Agency Discussion.
Obtaining a DEA Registration Number for health providers, there are six different requirements they need to fulfill. The individual is expected to have a license to operate as a state health provider before applying for the number online. In the application, the licensed health provider should submit his or her personal information, which includes the SSN, address, name as well as their contacts. While applying, there is a need to specify the type drugs the nursing practitioner intends to prescribe. Apart from the prescription, the NP should identify any other business activities he or she intends to participate in as well as the drug schedule information as per the state laws of controlled medications. The license information should be submitted during application to be examined for legality (Griggs et al., 2015). Considering the type of controlled drugs the applicant intends to manage on behalf of the DEA, the nursing practitioner is supposed to provide background information about all controlled substances. There is usually a fee paid by the applicants, which stretches up to three years and amounts to $731. The final step is the submission of the application form through the online application platform and wait for a period between four to six weeks to receive a DEA number for those successful.
In California, the safe prescribing and prescription control monitoring programs require the prescribers register the programs as outlined under the CURES 2.0 upon issuance of a DEA certificate of controlled substance. The dispenser of controlled drugs and a monitoring program should submit controlled substance data to the Justice Department every week (Soltis-Jarrett et al., 2017). Furthermore, the prescribers should be integrated into the monitoring program by ensuring that they obtain, use and report the loss of security prescription forms. The forms are usually tamper resistant Drug Enforcement Agency Discussion.
Since Psychiatric and Mental Health Nurse Practitioners (PMHNP) are inclusive in the management of controlled substance use, they have the responsibility of ensuring that the prescription monitoring programs work effectively. The individuals have the responsibility of delivering reports to the DEA regarding the use of controlled substance (Soltis-Jarrett et al., 2017). The PMHNP further offers a prescription program for patients while providing advice regarding the use of controlled substance. One example of the controlled drugs prescribed to patients is methadone.
Drug Enforcement Administration. (2017). DEA issues nationwide alert on fentanyl as threat to health and public safety. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration; 2015.
Griggs, C. A., Weiner, S. G., & Feldman, J. A. (2015). Prescription drug monitoring programs: examining limitations and future approaches. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 16(1), 67.
Jones, C. M., Lurie, P. G., & Throckmorton, D. C. (2016). Effect of US Drug Enforcement Administration’s rescheduling of hydrocodone combination analgesic products on opioid analgesic prescribing. JAMA internal medicine, 176(3), 399-402.
Soltis-Jarrett, V., Shea, J., Ragaisis, K. M., Shell, L. P., & Newton, M. (2017). Integrated Behavioral Healthcare: Assumptions, Definition and Roles: Position Paper From the International Society of Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurses. Archives of psychiatric nursing, 31(5), 433-439 Drug Enforcement Agency Discussion.
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