Diabetes and Drug Treatment Sample Paper

Diabetes is an endocrine system disorder that affects millions of children and adults (ADA, 2011). If left untreated, diabetic patients are at risk for several alterations including heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, neuropathy, and blindness. There are various methods for treating diabetes, many of which include some form of drug therapy. The type of diabetes as well as the patient’s behavior factors will impact treatment recommendations. In this Assignment, you compare types of diabetes including drug treatments for type 1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes Diabetes and Drug Treatment Sample Paper.

To prepare:

Review this week’s media presentation on the endocrine system and diabetes, as well as Chapter 46 of the Arcangelo and Peterson text and the Peterson et al. article in the Learning Resources.

Reflect on differences between types of diabetes including type 1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes.

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Select one type of diabetes.

Consider one type of drug used to treat the type of diabetes you selected including proper preparation and administration of this drug. Then, reflect on dietary considerations related to treatment.

Think about the short-term and long-term impact of the diabetes you selected on patients including effects of drug treatments.

Write a 2- to 3- page paper that addresses the following:

Explain the differences between types of diabetes including type 1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes.

Describe one type of drug used to treat the type of diabetes you selected including proper preparation and administration of this drug. Include dietary considerations related to treatment.

Explain the short-term and long-term impact of this diabetes on patients including effects of drugs treatments.

Reminder: Please make sure the paper includes a title page (including a purpose statement), introduction, summary, and references. Lastly please follow uploaded rubric.

The world continues to experience the emergence of newer chronic illnesses each day. However, researchers work tirelessly in the quest to invent medicine and ensure a healthy society. Albeit these efforts are aimed at a beneficial course, human beings continue to indulge in unhealthy lifestyles, a factor that exposes many to serious ailments. For instance, diabetes is a disease that is partially caused through morbid practices. Specifically, it affects the ability of the body to utilize and balance sugar. In the long run, victims suffer detrimental symptoms which alter their normal lives.

Differences between Types of Diabetes

Diabetes occurs in various forms, depending on the deformity experienced by a victim. For instance, diabetes mellitus, which is commonly referred to as diabetes is the most common form of the ailment. In fact, most of the diabetic victims suffer from this form. Researchers categorize diabetes mellitus as type 1 and type 2. Besides, diabetes affects gestating mothers and children.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type one 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the pancreatic cells. Notably, the beta-cells responsible for secretion of insulin are deformed. In the process, little or no inulin is produced to the blood (American Diabetes Association, 2015). Resultantly, sugar supposed to be converted for energy purposes builds up in the blood. Type 1 diabetes can develop during infancy, adolescence, and adulthood. However, it is treatable, as victims can use injectable insulin Diabetes and Drug Treatment Sample Paper,

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes occurs through the ineffective use of released insulin by the body. It is also called insulin insensitivity. Additionally, it is caused by inadequate insulin manufacturing by the body. Resultantly, sugar levels build up in the blood. Inzucchi et al. (2015) posit that 90% of diabetic victims suffer from this form. However, it is treatable through insulin injection, physical activity and planned meals.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a temporary condition, which affects pregnant and lactating mothers. Hod et al.(2015) state about 20% of pregnant women suffer from the disease. However, increased physical activity helps alleviate the situation.

Juvenile Diabetes

Juvenile diabetes is a disease that affects children and young people. Also known as type 1 diabetes, it entails poor synthesis of insulin in the body. Victims suffer extreme thirsts and slow healing of wounds. The condition is treated through insulin administration.

Type 2 Diabetes Medication

Diabetes mellitus is the most prevalent form among the affected patients. In fact, type 1 and type 2 fall under this category, and are both characterized by low insulin levels in the blood. However, engaging affected victims in therapeutic education helps mitigate its severity. Particularly, the World Health Organization recognizes diabetes self-management education and support (DSME/S) as the most conventional approach to contain the disease (American Diabetes Association. (2015). However, the interventions should be merged with adequate pharmacological aspects and proper dietary practices Diabetes and Drug Treatment Sample Paper.

Specifically, patients with type 2 diabetes can use oral hypoglycemic medicine. The anti-diabetic drugs include Sulfonylureas and Alpha-glycosidase inhibitors. For instance, Sulfonylureas drugs entail Diamicron MR (Gilclazide), in oral tablet form used to control blood sugar levels in the body (Zinman et al., 2015). It stimulates insulin production and boosts its effectiveness. The tablets are taken twice each day, shortly before a meal. Additionally, victims are advised to take meals low on sugar, and more fruits, to allow full effectiveness.

Short-Term and Long-Term Diabetes Effects and Drug Side Effects

Type 2 diabetic patient suffer from extreme thirst, tiredness, dizziness and blurred vision in the initial stages. According to Forslund et al. (2015), predominance of the disease exposes the patient to possible cardiac arrests and potentially dangerous wounds. However, administration of Sulfonylureas drugs helps stabilize the situation. Albeit the medications act as a reprieve, patients may experience allergic reactions, characterized by itchy and red skin. Sulfonylureas drugs are not meant for obese and overweight patients, since increased insulin production in the body is characterized by weight gain.

Conclusion

Diabetes is a serious ailment that affects many people in the world. Specifically, many diabetic patients suffer from type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, proper interventions which include a detailed meal plan, exercises and relevant pharmacological approaches help stabilize the situation. Specifically, sulfonylureas drugs help to increase insulin production, although victims may experience rashes as a major side effect.

References

American Diabetes Association. (2015). Standards of medical care in diabetes—2015 abridged for primary care providers. Clinical diabetes: a publication of the American Diabetes Association, 33(2), 97. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc14-2441 Diabetes and Drug Treatment Sample Paper

Forslund, K., Hildebrand, F., Nielsen, T., Falony, G., Le Chatelier, E., Sunagawa, S., … & Arumugam, M. (2015). Disentangling type 2 diabetes and metformin treatment signatures in the human gut microbiota. Nature, 528(7581), 262. doi:10.1038/nature15766

Hod, M., Kapur, A., Sacks, D. A., Hadar, E., Agarwal, M., Di Renzo, G. C., … & Divakar, H. (2015). The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) initiative on gestational diabetes mellitus: a pragmatic guide for diagnosis, management, and care. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 131(S3). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0020-7292(15)30033-3

Inzucchi, S. E., Bergenstal, R. M., Buse, J. B., Diamant, M., Ferrannini, E., Nauck, M., … & Matthews, D. R. (2015). Management of hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes, 2015: a patient-centered approach: update to a position statement of the American Diabetes Association and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes. Diabetes care, 38(1), 140-149.

Zinman, B., Wanner, C., Lachin, J. M., Fitchett, D., Bluhmki, E., Hantel, S., … & Broedl, U. C. (2015). Empagliflozin, cardiovascular outcomes, and mortality in type 2 diabetes. New England Journal of Medicine, 373(22), 2117-2128. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1504720 Diabetes and Drug Treatment Sample Paper.

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