Classes of beta blockers and their mechanisms of actions

Here is a example of a essay of the subject I’m looking for. Beta blockers are used for several medical conditions such as hypertension, congested heart failure, abnormal heart rhythms, and many off- label uses. Beta blockers work by blocking the hormone called epinephrine from binding to the receptors. They affect the cardiac oxygen supply-demand by decreasing the force of myocardial contractility and heart rate. There are two types of Beta Blockers; selective and non-selective. Selective beta blocker block Beta1(heart). Non- selective beta blocker blocks Beta1(in the heart) and Beta2 (in the lungs). Woo & Robinson (2015), discussion on beta blockers addresses selective beta blocker such as Metoprolol and Atenolol work on the heart and will cause reduced cardiac output, therefore reducing blood pressure. Non-selective beta blockers such as Coreg and Propranolol block beta1 and beta2; working on the heart and the lungs, can also affect the kidney, eyes and other body systems. Coreg (non-selective) is contraindicated in asthma patients. Patient with renal impairments must have dose of beta blocker reduced by 50-75% depending on renal function. Beta blockers should not be given with calcium channel blockers due to adverse cardiac effects. Woo & Robinson (2015), addressed beta blockers such as Propranolol (non-selective) can be used off label for migraine headaches. Beta blockers should be used with caution in diabetics due to their ability to mask hypoglycemia with diaphoresis being the only indicator. Using Beta blocker with OTC cold medications may result in hypertension or tachycardia. Selective Beta blockers are more appropriate for use in patients with COPD, PVD, diabetes and asthma. Beta blockers are contraindicated in the first trimester of pregnancy

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our Guarantees

Money-back Guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism Guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision Policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy Policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

4-hour deadlines

Your urgent tasks will be completed within 4 hours. Your discussion responses and late orders will be will be handled fast and we still maintain our quality.

Read more