Binge-Eating Disorder Research Paper

What is Binge-Eating Disorder
Signs and symptoms
Eating large amounts of food
Eating even when full
Eating rapidly during binge episodes
Frequent dieting without weight loss Binge-Eating Disorder Research Paper
Frequently eating alone
Hoarding food
Hiding empty food containers
The binge cycle
After a binge, one may try to diet or eat normal meals. The binge eater attempting to restrict food intake may simply trigger more binge eating, creating a vicious cycle.
Signs and symptoms
Emotional symptoms-Eating large amounts of food
Eating even when full
Eating rapidly during binge episodes
Frequent dieting without weight loss
Frequently eating alone
Hoarding food
Hiding empty food containers
Pathophysiology
The causes of binge-eating disorder are unknown. But genetics, biological factors, long-term dieting and psychological issues increase your risk.
The pathophysiology of Binge-eating disorder may be due to impulsive/compulsive disorder, with altered reward sensitivity and food-related attention.
Pathophysiology
Biological abnormalities, such as hormonal irregularities or genetic mutations, may be associated with compulsive eating and food addiction.
Psychological: A strong correlation has been established between depression and binge eating. Body dissatisfaction, low self-esteem, and difficulty coping with feelings can also contribute to binge eating disorder.
Social and Cultural: Traumatic situations, such as a history of sexual abuse, can increase the risk of binge eating. Social pressures to be thin, which are typically influenced through media, can trigger emotional eating. Persons subject to critical comments about their bodies or weight may be especially vulnerable to binge eating disorder.
How the disorder is diagnosed
Diagnostic screening is done using SCOFF questionnaire
DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria for Bulimia Nervosa
Recurrent episodes of binge eating. An episode of binge eating is characterized by both of the following:
Eating, in a discrete period (e.g., within any 2-hour period), an amount of food that is larger than what most individuals would eat in a similar period under similar circumstances. Binge-Eating Disorder Research Paper
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A sense of lack of control over eating during the episode (e.g., a feeling that one cannot stop eating or control what or how much one is eating).
How the disorder is diagnosed
Diagnostic screening is done using SCOFF questionnaire
DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria for Bulimia Nervosa
Recurrent episodes of binge eating. An episode of binge eating is characterized by both of the following:
Eating, in a discrete period (e.g., within any 2-hour period), an amount of food that is larger than what most individuals would eat in a similar period under similar circumstances.
A sense of lack of control over eating during the episode (e.g., a feeling that one cannot stop eating or control what or how much one is eating).
Treatment options
It is possible for patients with binge-eating disorder to experience complete recovery.

The goals for treatment are to restore

Adequate nutrition
Healthy weight.
Completely stop the binge- eating behavior.
Treatment options
Psychotherapy also known as “talk therapy” (CBT, Individual, or group therapy, Family therapy).
Self-Help Groups (Overeaters Anonymous (OA), Weight Watchers).
Medical care and monitoring
Nutritional counselling (with a registered dietician).
Medications;
– Antidepressants (SSRI’s, TCA’s)

Appetite suppressants
Combination of the above mentioned approaches
Reference
Forman, S. F., Yager, J., & Solomon, D. (2016). Eating disorders: overview of epidemiology, clinical features and diagnosis. UpToDate Waltham, MA.(Accessed on June 06, 2016). Binge-Eating Disorder Research Paper
Janet A. Lydecker and Carlos M. Grilo, Comparing men and women with binge‐eating disorder and co‐morbid obesity, International Journal of Eating Disorders, 51, 5, (411-417), (2018).
Kerstin K. Blomquist and Carlos M. Grilo, Eating Loss of Control Scale, Encyclopedia of Feeding and Eating Disorders, 10.1007/978-981-287-104-6_156, (311-315), (2017).
Kessler, R. M., Hutson, P. H., Herman, B. K., & Potenza, M. N. (2016). The neurobiological basis of binge-eating disorder. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 63, 223-238.
National Institute of Mental Health. (2018). Eating Disorders: About More Than Food. Retrieved on August 1st 2018, from http://www.nimh.nih.gov.
Sadock, B. J., Sadock, V. A., & Ruiz, P. (2014). Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry: Behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry (11th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.
S. Department of Health & Human Services. (2017). Binge eating disorder. Retrieved on August 1st 2018, from http//www.womenshealth.gov.
Binge-Eating Disorder Research Paper

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