Antimicrobial Agents Case Study Paper

Antimicrobial agents are essential components in the treatment of various bacterial infections as they help to kill or prevent the growth of microbes such as bacteria, fungi, and protozoans. Prior to the discovery of antimicrobial agents, treatment options for patients with bacterial infections were limited. For many patients, treatment often resulted in the amputation of limbs or even death. Today, treatment options for bacterial infections typically have a more positive prognosis. Due to the various types of infections presented in patients, it is essential to be able to identify the underlying cause of the infection—whether bacterial or viral—before recommending drug treatments. This will help you identify whether or not an antimicrobial agent would be appropriate and which specific agent would target the infection. In this Assignment, you consider the appropriate use of antimicrobial agents for infections Antimicrobial Agents Case Study Paper.

To prepare:

Review this week’s media presentation on principles of antimicrobial therapy, as well as Chapter 8 of the Arcangelo and Peterson text.

Consider the categories of antimicrobial agents.

Think about differences between viral and bacterial infections.

Reflect on why proper identification of the infection is key to selecting the proper antimicrobial agent.


Write a 2- to 3- page paper that addresses the following:

Describe the categories of antimicrobial agents.

Describe differences between viral and bacterial infections.

Explain why proper identification of viral and bacterial infections is key to selecting the proper antimicrobial agent Antimicrobial Agents Case Study Paper.

Reminder: Please make sure the paper includes a title page (including a purpose statement), introduction, summary, and references. Lastly please follow uploaded rubric. Thanks

Modern diagnosis antimicrobial agents have proved an essential part of the diagnosis of viral and bacterial infection. Their ability to suppress the division of multiplication of the microorganism has resulted in the control of many microorganism cased infection. Antimicrobials infection has occurred in the management of the micro-organism cased infection. However, health practitioners have mixed effects on the appropriateness of the treatment. The related side effects of the treatment are a threat to life. The similarities of the infection caused by virus and bacteria have led to the drafting of the paper with the aim of determining the differences in viral and bacterial infection and importance of proper diagnosis. The article will be of great significance to the scholars, health practitioners, and all the interested parties. It will help in the provision of quality healthcare.

Antimicrobial agents are classified based on the mode of action on either the microorganism or any other protein cell. It gives such different types of antimicrobial agents such as protein biosynthesis inhibitors (macrolides, tetracycline’s), DNA inhibitors (4-quinolones) and the RNA inhibitor (rifampicin) (Talaro, 2018).

Bactria can be grouped into two helpful and harmful bacteria. Useful bacteria help in the digestion while the harmful bacteria cause infection in the human body (Schnee, 2013). Bacteria are a single-celled microorganism that can live independently in a wide range of environment while the virus is deadly and depend wholly on the host for the survival. The causative agent and response to the antibiotic are the significant difference between bacterial and viral infection. The virus is responsible for the viral infection while bacteria are associated with the bacterial infection. The viral disease is untreatable by the use of antibiotics physicians only control the division of the cell while the use of the right medicine can effectively treat bacteria. However inappropriate treatment of the bacterial infection results in the development of bacterial resistant infections (Schnee, 2013).

In many cases, the bacteria and virus infection have the same mode of manifestation. Wrong identification means that there will be an erroneous administration of the antimicrobial agent which will fail to achieve its objective of reduction in the spread of the infection caused by either bacteria or virus (Arnold, 2017). Specific antibiotic and antiviral drugs act on a given species or type of virus hence the wrong choice means there will be no effect on the virus or bacteria as it will continue the destruction of the various organs of the body. Bacteria and the virus can cause diseases like pneumonia, diarrhea, and meningitis (Rivière, 2012). The similarity in the mode of the infection and the effect on the person makes it hard to determine the primary cause of the disease by a simple test. A detailed analysis is needed to establish the real cause of the infection. Inappropriate test results to wrong infection while may make the bacteria resistant to the antibiotics or deteriorate the health of the patient (Barton-Burke, 2017). Viral infection is dangerous and wrong treatment means that there will be continued destruction of the body cells which in the end alters the functionality of the various organs of the body Antimicrobial Agents Case Study Paper.

In conclusion, detailed test and analysis would be conducted to patients manifesting the signs of microorganism infection. Accurate analysis if the disease will help eradicate the side effects associated with the wrong diagnosis of the infection while also controlling the spread of the disease.


Arnold, R. (2017). Microbial Control. Microreviews in Cell and Molecular Biology, 1(2).

Barton-Burke, M., Ciccolini, K., Mekas, M., & Burke, S. (2017). Dermatologic reactions to targeted therapy: A focus on epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors and nursing care. Nursing Clinics, 52(1), 83-113.

Rivière, C., Pawlus, A. D., & Mérillon, J. M. (2012). Natural stilbenoids: distribution in the plant kingdom and chemotaxonomic interest in Vitaceae. Natural product reports, 29(11), 1317-1333.

Schnee, S., Queiroz, E. F., Voinesco, F., Marcourt, L., Dubuis, P. H., Wolfender, J. L., & Gindro, K. (2013). Vitis vinifera canes, a new source of antifungal compounds against Plasmopara viticola, Erysiphe necator, and Botrytis cinerea. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 61(23), 5459-5467.

Talaro, K. P., & Chess, B. (2018). Foundations in microbiology. McGraw-Hill Antimicrobial Agents Case Study Paper.

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